Magna Carta, the charter of English liberties, was granted by King John on June 15th 1215. By declaring the sovereign to be subject to the rule of law and documenting the liberties held by “free men,” Magna Carta provided the foundation for individual rights in Anglo-American jurisprudence. A few items are of particular note and salient feature, namely:
“To no one will we sell, to no one deny or delay right or justice.” This is surely one of the most famous provisions which is cornerstone many such declarations of rights of man and declarations of independence. However, the lesser-known (and some might say, odd) provisions are worth noting for their historical reference.
. Magna Carta (Great Charter) was known as the Charter of Liberties became Magna Carta when a Charter of the Forest was issued in 1217 and first one became the “great” one.
. The Magna Carta was not signed, rather it was sealed. It seems King John did not want to put pen to paper.
. No one knows who wrote the Magna Carta except some gang of barons. It is presumed to be a “group effort.”
. Magna Carta was originally in Latin. It was not issued in English until over 300 years later, which limited its audience. There was no need to let the masses read it in English since only the upper class and clergy were afforded rights in the charter.
. In modern English translation, it has 4,922 words. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights has only 1,833. It appears that it was a “great” charter at least in its length.
. In its first version, Magna Carta lasted only three months before King John violated its terms. Perhaps he had his fingers crossed when he set his seal to it.
. The original Magna Carta was written on parchment made from dried sheepskin since the sheep where not given any rights.
MAGNA CARTA / KING JOHN / LONDON BARONS PLAYLIST TOP-5
“London Calling” ~~ The Clash
“Johnny Strikes up the Band” ~~ Warran Zevon
” Grey Seal” ~~ Elton John
“Thames” ~~ Starsailor
“King Without a Castle” ~~ Chris Isaak