Lighthouse Keeper, Boston Harbor, and The Boston Light (1715.07.23)

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The Massachusetts General Court authorized construction of the first lighthouse in America in Boston’s Outer Harbor on this date in 1715.  We hope you can find your way to the safe harbor of KRNN for a Boston Light tribute on Crosscurrents, 7/23 at 8 am.  BOSTON LIGHTHOUSE ON CROSSCURRENTS, 7/23 at 8 am  LIVE ON-AIR LINK:  http://www.krnn.org

BOSTON LIGHT HISTORY IN BRIEF:

The historic Boston Harbor lighthouse, known as Boston Light to locals, was built in 1716 on Little Brewster Island, a spot of land 8 miles east of Boston.

First Lit: September 14, 1716  Built By: the Colony of Massachusetts

Current Tower Construction & Facts:

  • Year Built: 1783

  • Tower Height: 89 feet

    • It was originally 75 feet.

    • In 1859 it was raised to 89 feet and a new lantern room was added.

    • 76 steps to the top

  • Construction

    • Foundation: Granite Ledge

    • Construction Materials: Rubble Stone/Brick Lining

    • Markings: White with Black Lantern

    • Shape: Conical

    • Relationship to Other Structures: Separat

             Benjamin Franklin, 12 years old at the time, was urged by his brother to write a poem based on the disaster. The young Franklin wrote a poem called The Lighthouse Tragedy and hawked copies on the streets of Boston. Franklin later wrote in his autobiography that the poem was “wretched stuff,” although it “sold prodigiously.”

                A cannon, America’s first fog signal, was placed on the island in 1719. Passing ships would fire their cannons when passing nearby in times of fog, and the keeper would reply with a blast from the light station. The cannon, cast in 1700 and possibly relocated from Long Island in the inner harbor, served on Little Brewster Island for 132 years.

                        In 1794, Knox’s yearly salary as keeper was set by the federal government at $266.67, which was raised to $333.33 in 1796.

                   Although I have not read very much about the Light, I did notice a story onlineabout a dog after my time out there. When I arrived on the island, there was a
dog there named “Bear,”  a black Newfoundlander; it was rumored she was givento the Light by Mr. Snow and was sixteen years-old in 1968.

            By 1989, the Coast Guard had automated almost every lighthouse in the United States and Boston Light was scheduled to be the last in this process. Preservation groups appealed to Congress and the Coast Guard, and with the help of Senator Edward M. Kennedy funding was appropriated to keep Coast Guard staff on Little Brewster, making the island a living museum of lighthouse history

                    In September 2003, Sally Snowman was appointed as the new civilian keeper — the first civilian keeper since the Coast Guard took over in 1941, and the first woman keeper in the lighthouse’s long history.

Ice Cream and Blues Music (2018.07.21)

Only thing better than chasing an ice truck is being in the ice cream truck. You are invited to join our ice cream loving dogs for two hours of creamy smooth frozen blues tunes on WALKING THE BLUES AWAY Saturday 7/21 at 5-7 pm. LIVE AIR LINK http://www.krnn.org

Amazing Ice Cream Facts

Ice cream as we know it seems to have emerged in 17th-century France. (A first-century Roman emperor is said to have sent runners into the mountains for snow to be flavored with juices. In the 13th century.

 Marco Polo brought back from China descriptions of a sherbet dessert.

 The cone didn’t appear until 1904, when a Syrian waffle maker at the St. Louis World’s Fair began rolling his pastries into horns to help an ice cream vendor who had run out of dishes.

The idea of the ice cream cone had been patented a year earlier, in 1903, by an Italian in New York City, but the fair popularized it.

 Today the average American eats about 20 quarts of ice cream a year―the world’s highest per capita consumption, according to the International Dairy Foods Association.

Top-selling ice cream flavors are: vanilla, with 33 percent of the market, and chocolate, with 19 percent.

It takes 5.8 pounds of whole milk and one pound of cream to make one gallon of ice cream.

The ice cream cone measured 2.81 m (9 ft 2.63 in) in height and was achieved by Mirco Della Vecchia and Andrea Andrighetti of Italy.

Some weird flavors of ice cream include buckwheat ice cream, beer flavored ice cream, and parmesan gelato.

June is the month that the most ice cream is produced.

California produces the most ice cream in America.

Chocolate syrup is the world’s most popular ice cream topping.

87% of Americans have ice cream in their freezer at any given time.

It takes about 50 licks to finish a single scoop ice cream cone.

The perfect temperature for scooping ice cream is between 6 and 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

“Brain Freeze” occurs when ice cream touches the roof of your mouth.

1 out of 5 people share ice cream with their pet.

An average dairy cow can produce enough milk in her lifetime to make a little over 9,000 gallons of ice cream.

In the U.S., all ice cream needs to have a minimum of 10% milkfat if it is to be labeled “ice cream”. This includes custard based (French Style) ice creams.

The U.S. celebrates National Ice Cream Month in July.

The U.S. produces the most ice cream in the world.

Ice cream became available to the general population in France in 1660.

Americans celebrated the victory of WWII with ice cream. In 1946, they ate more than 20 quarts of ice cream per person.

There is actually an ice cream diet designed for weight loss. You can read all about it in Prevention Magazine’s paperback, The Ice Cream Diet

19% of Americans say they eat ice cream in bed.

In the early days of television, mashed potatoes were used to simulate ice cream on cooking shows. Real ice cream melted too fast under the heat from the lighting.

Missouri designated the Ice Cream Cone as the Official State Dessert in 2008.

More ice cream was sold on Sundays than any other day of the week.

At one time it was against the law to serve ice cream on cherry pie in Kansas.

The first soft-serve ice cream machine was in an Olympia, Washington Dairy Queen.

Ice cream testers use gold spoons to be able to taste the product 100% without a slight percentage of ‘after-taste’ from typical spoons.

John Harrison, official tester for Dreyer’s Ice Cream, has his tongue insured for $1 million.

Despite its reputation as a cosmonaut staple, freeze-dried ice cream only made one mission to space. In 1968, it provided instant sugar rushes to the astronauts of Apollo 7.

For TV commercials, “Ice cream sundaes are often constructed of scoops of lard or mashed potato covered in motor oil.

Howard Hughes, the millionaire, was fond of Baskin-Robbins’ Banana Ripple ice cream. His ‘helpers’ had to order 200 gallons from the factory before it was discontinued. A few days later Hughes announced that he didn’t like it anymore.

“Raw Horse Flesh” is an ice cream flavor that is sold in Japan.

The world’s first batch of chocolate chip cookie dough ice cream was made by Ben & Jerry’s, inspired by an anonymous note left on their flavor suggestion board.

First Lady Dolley Madison served ice cream at the inaugural at the White House in 1813.

Ice Cream used to be called cream ice.

The Roman Emperor Nero (54-68 A.D.) had ice and snow brought to him from the mountains, which he stored in special rooms under his palace so that he could top it with fruit to enjoy.

In 1984, President Ronald Reagan designated July as National Ice Cream Month and the third Sunday of that month as National Ice Cream Day.

Around 1800, ice houses were invented and ice cream became an American industry.

The first ice cream cone was made by Italo Marchiony in New York City.

Did you know that a 125 mL (1/2 cup) serving of regular vanilla ice cream can be a source of nutrients such as calcium and vitamin A?

The major ingredient in ice cream is air!

The U.S. ice cream industry generates more than $21 billion in annual sales.

Some weird flavors of ice cream include maple bacon, beer flavored, and pepperoni pizza.

In 1985, the biggest ice cream sundae was made in California. It stood twelve feet tall and was made with 4,667 gallons of ice Cream.

A twelve foot tall ice cream sundae could make about 70,000 regular size sundaes. That’s a lot of ice cream!

Sorbet is like ice cream but contains no milk.

Ice cream can be made in many types – ordinary ice cream, frozen custard, frozen yogurt, reduced-fat ice cream, sherbet, gelato, and others.

Ice cream recipe came to North America 250 years after it was discovered by Christopher Columbus.

Market analysts confirmed that ice cream sales increase many times during times of recession or wars.

Ice cream was introduced to America in the 1700’s, but mostly enjoyed by those of status and wealth.

Centuries ago people started making summer-time desserts by taking sweet cream (the richest part of milk) or custard (egg-based puddings) and cooling them down with ice.

Novelties as ice cream on sticks and ice cream bars were introduced in the 1920s.

Ice cream cones were popularized in America during the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis, when an ice cream vendor ran out of cups and asked a nearby waffle vendor to roll up his waffles to hold the ice cream.

Under the American Blue Laws of the time, ice cream sodas weren’t allowed to be sold on Sundays. To circumvent this rule, they invented the ice cream sundae.

Americans are the No.1 consumers of ice cream in the world, where an average person eats 48 pints of ice cream a year. In total, Americans consumed 1.58 billion gallons of ice cream in 2011.

Sugar in ice cream lowers its melting point, and the fats for its creamy texture.

Fat percentage in ice cream is regulated in the United States.

About 98% of U.S. families have ice cream in their fridges, at all times.

It takes 12 gallons of milk to create one gallon of ice cream.

The first ice cream parlor in America was founded in 1776 (The same year our declaration was made).

In ancient Rome, they ate snow and flavored it with fruit and honey as their ice cream.

About 9 percent of the milk produced by U.S. dairy farmers is used to produce ice cream.

The Beatles had an ice cream named after them by Baskin Robbins called Beatle Nut.

Sewing Machine, Inventor, and Elias Howe (1819.07.09)

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An inventor who revolutionized garment manufacturing with his patented stitching machine, Elias Howe was born on this date in 1819.  You can tune up your sewing machine while you seamlessly listen on your radio to the Howe birthday on Crosscurrents, 7/9 at 8 am.

ELIAS HOWE ON CROSSCURRRENTS, 7/9: live on air link: http://www.krnn.org

Playlist to include:  In My Own Fashion; Sharp Dressed Man; A Lawyer And A Draper; Her Strut; Needles And Pins; A Good Idea At The Time; Heart Machine; Silver Thread And Golden Needles; Ain’t No Easy Way; and Pincussion… among others.

Independence Day quote: a cherished emblem… bedrock principle…

Justice William J. Brennan, Jr.  declared,

           “We can imagine no more appropriate response to burning a flag than waving one’s own, no better way to counter a flag burner’s message than by saluting the flag that burns, no surer means of preserving the dignity even of the flag that burned than by – as one witness here did – according its remains a respectful burial.   We do not consecrate the flag by punishing its desecration, for in doing so we dilute the freedom that this cherished emblem represents.”

“If there is a bedrock principle underlying the First Amendment, it is that government may not prohibit the expression of an idea simply because society finds the idea itself offensive or disagreeable.”

— Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397, 414, 1989

Happy Independence Day to you…

…let us all continue to safeguard our democracy!

Equal Protection of the Law; Liberty For All; and Thurgood Marshall (1908.07.02)

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 An advocate for civil rights when  appeared before, and served on, the U.S. Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall was born on this date in 1908.  You are invited to join the concurring opinion before the radio court of tunes for the Marshall birthday on Crosscurrents, 7/2 at 8 am.    Live on air link: http://www.krnn.org

His words are relevant today as a reminder to us all:

At a time in our history when the streets of the Nation’s cities inspire fear and despair, rather than pride and hope, it is difficult to maintain objectivity and concern for our fellow citizens. But, the measure of a country’s greatness is its ability to retain compassion in time of crisis. No nation in the recorded history of man has a greater tradition of revering justice and fair treatment for all its citizens in times of turmoil, confusion, and tension than ours. This is a country which stands tallest in troubled times, a country that clings to fundamental principles, cherishes its constitutional heritage, and rejects simple solutions that compromise the values that lie at the roots of our democratic system.

                ~~~ Furman v. Georgia, 408 U.S. 238, Concurring opinion (January 17, 1972

America must get to work. In the chilled climate in which we live, we must go against the prevailing winds. We must dissent from the indifference. We must dissent from the apathy. We must dissent from the fear, the hatred, and the mistrust. We must dissent from a nation that buried its head in the sand waiting in vain for the needs of its poor, its elderly, and its sick to disappear and just blow away. We must dissent from a government that has left its young without jobs, education, or hope. We must dissent from the poverty of vision and timeless absence of moral leadership. We must dissent, because America can do better, because America has no choice but to do better.

               ~~~ Speech delivered on September 6, 1990, before the Annual Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit, quoted in Supreme Justice Speeches and Writings Thurgood Marshall. Edited by J. Clay Smith, Jr., 2002

The legal system can force open doors, and sometimes-even knock down walls, but it cannot build bridges. That job belongs to you and me. The country can’t do it. Afro and White, rich and poor, educated and illiterate, our fates are bound together. We can run from each other, but we cannot escape each other. We will only attain freedom if we learn to appreciate what is different, and muster the courage to discover what is fundamentally the same. America’s diversity offers so much richness and opportunity. Take a chance, won’t you? Knock down the fences, which divide. Tear apart the walls that imprison you. Reach out. Freedom lies just on the other side. We shall have liberty for all.

             ~~~ Speech delivered on September 6, 1990, before the Annual Judicial Conference of the Second Circuit, quoted in Supreme Justice Speeches and Writings Thurgood Marshall. Edited by J. Clay Smith, Jr., 2002

Customary greeting to Chief Justice Warren E. Burger, What’s shaking, chiefy baby?

           ~~~ Source: quoted by M.D. Davis and H.R. Clark in Thurgood Marshall: Warrior at the Bar, Rebel on the Bench, 1992

Animal Farm, 1984, and George Orwell (1903.06.25)

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An English novelist most known for his satirical works “Animal Farm” and “1984”, George Orwell was born on this date in 1903.  You will find no “doublethink” and that “all animals are equal” on the KRNN farm to which you are invited for an Orwellian birthday playlist on Crosscurrents, 6/25 at 8am.  ORWELL ON CROSSCURRENTS, 6/25: stream live via the web:  http://www.krnn.org

GEORGE ORWELL QUOTES

“All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
― George Orwell, Animal Farm

“In a time of deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act.”
― George Orwell, 1984

Perhaps one did not want to be loved so much as to be understood.”
1984

 “Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past.”
― 1984

 “In a time of deceit telling the truth is a revolutionary act.”
― George Orwell

 “War is peace.
Freedom is slavery.
Ignorance is strength.”
― 1984

 “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
Animal Farm

 “Every generation imagines itself to be more intelligent than the one that went before it, and wiser than the one that comes after it.”
― George Orwell

 “The best books… are those that tell you what you know already.”
1984

 “The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.”
― Animal Farm

 “If you want to keep a secret, you must also hide it from yourself.”
― 1984

“The most effective way to destroy people is to deny and obliterate their own understanding of their history.”
― George Orwell

 “It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.”
― 1984

 “If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face—for ever.”
― 1984

“We shall meet in the place where there is no darkness.”
― 1984

 “But if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought.”
―  1984

 “Political language is designed to make lies sound truthful and murder respectable, and to give an appearance of solidity to pure wind. ”
― George Orwell

 “Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one’s mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.”
― 1984

“If liberty means anything at all, it means the right to tell people what they do not want to hear.”
― George Orwell

“Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.”
― 1984

“The choice for mankind lies between freedom and happiness and for the great bulk of mankind, happiness is better.”
― 1984

“One does not establish a dictatorship in order to safeguard a revolution; one makes the revolution in order to establish the dictatorship.”
1984

“There was truth and there was untruth, and if you clung to the truth even against the whole world, you were not mad.”
― 1984

“If you kept the small rules, you could break the big ones.”
1984

“We are the dead. Our only true life is in the future.”
― 1984

“Can you not understand that liberty is worth more than just ribbons?”
―  Animal Farm

“If both the past and the external world exist only in the mind, and if the mind itself is controllable – what then?”
1984

“He was a lonely ghost uttering a truth that nobody would ever hear.”
― 1984

“Until they become conscious, they will never rebel”
― 1984

“In general, the greater the understanding, the greater the delusion; the more intelligent, the less sane.”
― 1984

“If there is hope, it lies in the proles.”
― 1984

“You must try harder. It is not easy to become sane.”
“Those who control the present, control the past and those who control the past control the future.”
― 1984

“Those who control the present, control the past and those who control the past control the future.”
―  1984

“The past was erased, the erasure was forgotten, the lie became the truth.”
―  1984

“The past was erased, the erasure was forgotten, the lie became the truth.”
― 1984

Mount Everest, Climber, and George Mallory (1886.06.18)

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MALLORY ON CROSSCURRENTS, 6/18: Renowned mountaineer leading three British expeditions to Mount Everest, George Mallory was born on this date in 1886.  You can be your own mountain by joining our Mallory radio party on Crosscurrents, 6/18 at 8 am.

Playlist to include:  Aint No Mountain High Enough;  A Higher Place; Hold On I’m Coming;  I Can’t Help Myself;  Hang On Sloopy;  You’ll Be Coming Down;  Come Together;  Let’s Stay Together;  Reach Out I’ll Be There;  and… Stand By Me.

 

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